Vertigo: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
When a patient has vertigo, he may use different terms to describe his sensations like dizziness, feeling faint, head spinning, giddiness, or unsteadiness of gait. Usually, a careful history can differentiate between these symptoms. It is important to distinguish between presyncope (fainting) and vertigo (illusion or sense of movement of body/surroundings).
Symptoms of Vertigo
Feeling faint can be accompanied by a feeling of lightheadedness, visual blurring, increased salivation, and nausea. The usual causes of fainting are an insufficient supply of oxygen or blood or in rare cases due to decreased blood glucose. Lightheadedness is also a feature in some forms of seizures, and chronic depression.
Causes of Vertigo
While the causes of syncope can be due to cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, disorders of vascular tone, situational (as in cough or micturition), anxiety attacks, psychogenic and seizures, vertigo is usually caused by a disturbancontinue reading →